Vitiligo occurs when melanocytes are destroyed or die off. Most cases of vitiligo in pets are hereditary. Certain dog breeds are at a higher genetic risk of developing this condition: Rottweilers.
Where does dog vitiligo start?
The apparent lightening or whitening of the skin, mucosa, and fur is obvious to most dog owners, especially if those areas used to be darkly colored. These classic signs of vitiligo can occur anywhere on a dog and can be symmetrical, too. The gums and lips are the most common sites for the first signs of vitiligo.
Is vitiligo hereditary?
Vitiligo sometimes runs in families, but the inheritance pattern is complex since multiple causative factors are involved. About one-fifth of people with this condition have at least one close relative who is also affected.
Can vitiligo go away?
There is no cure for vitiligo. The goal of medical treatment is to create a uniform skin tone by either restoring color (repigmentation) or eliminating the remaining color (depigmentation). Common treatments include camouflage therapy, repigmentation therapy, light therapy and surgery.
How long does vitiligo last?
The treatment is permanent, but it can make the skin more fragile. Long exposure to the sun must be avoided. Depigmentation can take 12 to 14 months, depending on factors such as the depth of the original skin tone.
How does a person get vitiligo?
Vitiligo is caused by the lack of a pigment called melanin in the skin. Melanin is produced by skin cells called melanocytes, and it gives your skin its colour. In vitiligo, there are not enough working melanocytes to produce enough melanin in your skin. This causes white patches to develop on your skin or hair.